A mother of two, she was the secretary of international relations of the Guatemalan Labour Party, and dozens of its leaders were either assassinated or they disappeared. We are grateful for the support of our institutions—Seattle University and Universidad Rafael Landívar—and we are inspired daily by the example of all the women activists of Latin America and the Caribbean who are making inclusive, social change happen across the region. Women placed flowers and wrote the names of victims of violence on a fence set at the presidential palace in Mexico City.

  • USAID also supports the justice and security sector to increase and improve services to victims of gender-based violence and supports communities to develop and implement violence prevention plans that include gender-based violence prevention.
  • The Sepur Zarco case shows how seriously a community can be affected for decades, even centuries, by multiple overlapping injustices – from colonial-era crimes to more recent human rights violations.
  • She and 35 other Maya Achi women are pursuing a court case against six men for raping them inside a military base in the early 1980s.
  • Many women have had enough of being seen as targets for violence and having to fear for their lives every day.
  • At one point, Reyes’s defence lawyer Moisés Galindo – who previously defended the former dictator Efraín Ríos Montt at his 2013 trial for genocide – caused uproar when he accused the victims of being prostitutes, and dismissed the experts and protected witnesses as liars.

This article posits that alongside strong legislation, coherent support in areas deemed critical for implementation such as improved judicial access, resources, and oversight must also be addressed to advance beyond a rhetorical-legal adoption of these norms. The National Development Councils System, CODEDES, is the main channel to conduct public affairs in the democratic process of planning sexy Guatemalan girls development, taking into account the principles of national unity and of Guatemala as a multicultural, multiethnic and multilingual nation. The political participation of women at this local level, according to official data for 2009, 190 women were part of the CODEDES along with 881 men. Women’s participation is still in minor seats with no decision taking responsibilities.

Caught Between The Law And Lived Values: Policy, Patriarchy, And The Plight Of Guatemalan Women

However, there remains value in exploring why so many women experience a perceived increase in vulnerability due to migration. These explorations can contribute to our understanding of the root causes of gender-based and interfamilial violence in Guatemala and elsewhere. NDI, with support from the National Endowment for Democracy, began working in 2008 with political parties on expanding their efforts to include rural, marginalized areas of the country and providing women and indigenous people with political training to encourage them to run for office. « The substitution of this institution by another one with lesser rank and functions, contradicts Guatemala’s international human rights commitments, and is a step backwards in terms of compliance with SDG 5 on gender equality, and SDGs 16 on strong institutions, » Broderick said.

No Justice Without Reparations Mr

To answer this question, we must explore the culture of indigenous communities in Guatemala through a gendered lens. When men die, land and other resources are often transferred to the husbands’ male children or other male family members, upholding a longstanding patrilineal tradition for land and other resources in Guatemala.

After kidnapping and disappearing the men and burning down their families’ huts, the military forced their wives to work on the military detachment built in the Sepur Zarco community, in 1982. The women were organised into shifts to cook the soldiers’ food and wash their clothing. The purpose of the activity was to encourage the legal profession in Guatemala to take stronger leadership in tackling gender inequalities in the judicial sector.

Herstory: 10 Guatemalan Women Who Changed The Course Of History

Earned through her lived experience, Carmen displayed a clear understanding of the destructive cycle of gender-based violence during our interview. Foppa was born in Barcelona, Spain, in 1914 to a Guatemalan mother and an Italian father. She worked at the University of San Carlos but she and her family had to flee to Mexico when the CIA carried out a coup d’état to overthrow the democratically-elected president Jacobo Árbenz and implemented a military dictatorship instead. In Mexico, she taught the first course of the sociology of women in Latin America at the Autonomous University of Mexico, wrote and published poetry and became an active member of Amnesty International and the International Association of Women Against Repression in Guatemala. She also co-founded and financed the first Latin American feminist magazine, Fem, and in 1972, created the radio program “foro de la mujer” to discuss ways to counteract gender violence and promote women’s rights.

Regarding indigenous women organizations it includes the Articulated Agenda on Mayan, Garifunas and Xinka Women; they contributed to strengthen the National Policy for the Promotion and Comprehensive Development of Women and other sectoral policies. Really significant has been the participation of several women and indigenous organization in preparing Cairo +20, Beijing +20 and the Post 2015 Development Agenda. Through the Judicial system efforts have been made to address violence against women and stop the impunity levels related to it, specialized victim’s care, investigation and criminal prosecution units have been set up and also jurisprudential bodies. From January to June 2013, 38 femicides were reported and 19 firm sentences were issued by the specialized courts.